Fundamentals of the Mechanics of Heterogeneous Media in the Circumsolar Protoplanetary Cloud: The Effects of Solid Particles on Disk Turbulence
We formulate a complete system of equations of two-phase multicomponent mechanics including the relative motion of the phases, coagulation processes, phase transitions, chemical reactions, and radiation in terms of the problem of reconstructing the evolution of the protoplanetary gas–dust cloud that surrounded the proto-Sun at an early stage of its existence. These equations are intended for schematized formulations and numerical solutions of special model problems on mutually consistent modeling of the structure, dynamics, thermal regime, and chemical composition of the circumsolar disk at various stages of its evolution, in particular, the developed turbulent motions of a coagulating gas suspension that lead to the formation of a dust subdisk, its gravitational instability, and the subsequent formation and growth of planetesimals. To phenomenologically describe the turbulent flows of disk material, we perform a Favre probability-theoretical averaging of the stochastic equations of heterogeneous mechanics and derive defining relations for the turbulent flows of interphase diffusion and heat as well as for the “relative” and Reynolds stress tensors needed to close the equations of mean motion. Particular attention is given to studying the influence of the inertial effects of dust particles on the properties of turbulence in the disk, in particular, on the additional generation of turbulent energy by large particles near the equatorial plane of the proto-Sun.
Mathematical modelling in actual problems of science and technics